Target Railways- RRB NTPC, RRB JE, SSC CGL – Geography Quiz (Set-3)

Geography Quiz for RRB NTPC 

Q1. Which city is known as the ‘Manchester of South India’
(a) Chennai
(b) Coimbatore
(c) Bangalore
(d) Madurai

Q2.What is the time difference (in hours) between GMT and IST
(Indian Standard Time)
(a) Five
(b) Six
(c) Six and a half
(d) Five and a half

Q3.Name the strait dividing India and Sri Lanka.
(a) Magellan Strait
(b) Palk Strait
(c) Bass Strait
(d) Bering Strait

Q4.Which State in India is called the ‘Land of Five Rivers’
(a) Uttar Pradesh
(b) Punjab
(c) Haryana
(d) Bihar

Q5.On which river is the Bhakra Nangal Dam of India built
(a) Yamuna
(b) Ganga
(c) Sutlej
(d) Brahmaputra

Q6.Which city in India is called the ‘Lake City’‘
(a) Udaipur
(b) Jaipur
(c) Raipur
(d) Jodhpur

Q7.Which one among the following is not an important factor of
climate of an area
(a) Longitude
(b) Latitude
(c) Altitude
(d) Distance from the sea

Q8.’EI Nino’ associated with the formation of the South West
Monsoon of India is
(a) a periodic low pressure centre
(b) an abnormally warm ocean current
(c) a periodic warm air-mass
(d) a periodic warm wind

Q9.Which one among the following rivers does not flow into the
bay of Bengal
(a) Tapti
(b) Mahanadi
(c) Godavari
(d) Cauvery

Q10.In the interior of the Earth
(a) the temperature rises with increasing depth
(b) the temperature falls with increasing depth
(c) the pressure falls with increasing depth
(d) both temperature and pressure fall with increasing depth

Q11.Jet streams are usually found in the::
(a) Exosphere
(b) Mesosphere
(c) Tropopause
(d) Ionosphere

Q12.Which of the following hills are found where the Eastern
Ghats and the Western Ghats meet
(a) Anaimalai Hills
(b) Cardamon Hills
(c) Nilgiri Hills
(d) Shevoroy Hills

Q13. Which one of the following type of resource is iron ore
(a) Renewable
(b) Biotic
(c) Flow
(d) Non-renewable

Q14. Which one of the following is the main cause of land
degradation in Punjab
(a) Intensive cultivation
(b) Deforestation
(c) Over irrigation
(d) Overgrazing

Q15. In which one of the following states is terrace cultivation
practised
(a) Punjab
(b) Plains of Uttar Pradesh
(c) Haryana
(d) Uttrakhand

SOLUTIONS

Ans.1(b)
It houses more than 25,000 small, medium and large
industries with the primary industries being engineering and
textiles. Coimbatore is called the “Manchester of South India”
due to its extensive textile industry, fed by the surrounding
cotton fields.

Ans.2(d)
GMT stands for Greenwich Mean/Meridian Time and IST stands
for Indian Standard Time. India Standard Time ( IST ) is 5:30
hours (5 hours 30 minutes) ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT
+5.5).

Ans.3(b)
The Palk Strait is a strait between the Tamil Nadu state of India and the Mannar district of the Northern Province of the island nation of Sri Lanka. It connects the Bay of Bengal in the northeast with Palk Bay in the southwest.

Ans.4(b)
It is named so because of the five rivers flowing through
this land and these five rivers of Punjab are Sutlej, Beas,
Ravi, Chenab and Jhelum.

Ans.5(c)
Bhakra Dam is a concrete gravity dam on the Sutlej River in
Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh in northern India. The dam forms the
Gobind Sagar reservoir.

Ans.6(a)
Udaipur City, formally known as the city of lakes and Venice of East. Udaipur, the capital of the former princely state of Mewar is a beautiful city in Rajasthan, India. Udaipur is also referred to as the “Venice of the East”, the “Most Romantic City of India” and the “Kashmir of Rajasthan”.

Ans.7(a)
longitude is distance east or west of the prime meridian (an
imaginary line running from north to south through Greenwich,
England). Longitude is measured in degrees east or west of the
prime meridian. This means one half of the world is measured in
degrees of east longitude up to 180°, and the other half in
degrees of west longitude up to 180°.


Ans.8(b)
Collectively, El Niño and La Niña are parts of an
oscillation in the ocean-atmosphere system called the El Niño-
Southern Oscillation.El Niño Southern Oscillation refers to the
cycle of warm and cold temperatures, as measured by sea surface
temperature, SST, of the tropical central and eastern Pacific
Ocean.

Ans.9(a)
The Narmada and the Tapti are the only major rivers that
flow into the Arabian Sea. The total length of Narmada through
the states of Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Gujarat amounts
to 1312 km. The Tapti follows a parallel course to the south of
the Narmada, flowing through the states of Maharashtra and
Gujarat on its way into the Gulf of Khambhat.

Ans.10(a)
Structure of earth’s interior is fundamentally divided into
three layers – crust, mantle and core.A rise in temperature with
increase in depth is observed in mines and deep wells.These
evidence along with molten lava erupted from the earth’s
interior supports that the temperature increases towards the
centre of the earth.Just like the temperature, the pressure is
also increasing from the surface towards the centre of the
earth.

Ans.11 (c)
The boundary between the turbulent troposphere and the calm,
cold stratosphere is called the tropopause. Jet streams travel
in the tropopause.Jet streams are some of the strongest winds in
the atmosphere. Their speeds usually range from 129 to 225
kilometers per hour (80 to 140 miles per hour), but they can
reach more than 443 kilometers per hour (275 miles per hour).
They are faster in winter when the temperature differences
between tropical, temperate, and polar air currents are greater.

Ans.12(c)
The Nilgiri often referred to as the Nilgiri Hills, are a
range of mountains with at least 24 peaks above 2,000 meters, in
the westernmost part of Tamil Nadu at the junction of Karnataka
and Kerala in Southern India.

Ans.13(d)
Sol.A nonrenewable resource is a resource of economic value that
cannot be readily replaced by natural means on a level equal to
its consumption. Most fossil fuels, such as oil, natural gas and
coal are considered nonrenewable resources in that their use is
not sustainable because their formation takes billions of years.

Ans.14(c)
The major cause of land degradation in punjab is “flooding
or Over irrigation”.Over exploitation of soil and water
resources has led to the problem of soil degradation and
declining water table in the large areas of Punjab.About 39% of
the state’s soil is completely degraded while 50% of the soil is
acutely low in nitrogen and 25% low in phosphorous content.

Ans.15(d)
Rice and other crops are grown on the terraces. Hilly areas
use this method of cultivation. The states that practice the
cultivation are Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh and north-east
states.Terrace cultivation, method of growing crops on sides of
hills or mountains by planting on graduated terraces built into
the slope. Though labour-intensive, the method has been employed
effectively to maximize arable land area in variable terrains
and to reduce soil erosion and water loss.